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Why shouldn’t you make educational videos in local language?

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Educational content in local language

I am making educational videos since 2009. Most of my videos are available on YouTube channel named Learn By Watch. Since then I have recorded more than 2000 videos. 99.9% of my videos are available in Hindi. Hindi is not only my mother tongue. It has also been the language of instructions during my schooling. I was 17 when I attended an English only instructions class for the first time. The experience was awful and worst was yet to come.

My experience of studying in an English only medium of instruction classroom was so terrible that I make it my research topic for Ph.D. “How to scaffold a vernacular medium student in a professional course” was my research topic in Ph.D. The result was “a framework for scaffolding to teach programming to vernacular medium students.” The framework is not only limited to teaching programming; this framework can be used to scaffold a vernacular medium student in any professional course.

After working for so many years to teach students in local vernacular and my findings from research led me to a conclusion that doesn’t sound obvious. Here is the statement that doesn’t seem correct but being an expert in this area here is what I am saying –

“Don’t make educational videos in local language for a student who is receiving English medium instructions for more than 12 months”.

Here goes the list to make sense of this statement.

Don’t forget your goal

If a student is studying in a professional course, one of his/her and your goal is to make him/her able to work anywhere in the world. To make a person eligible for global market English is the first requirement. A student will not try to learn English if you keep feeding him/her in the native language. Your task is just to ensure that a student doesn’t drop out of the course just because of the language problem.

Transition time

Irrespective of whether you provide language-based support to a vernacular medium learner or not if he/she is in a professional course, he/she is being exposed to English, and within a year he will be able to understand English medium instructions.

Your audience is no more only your audience

This point is related to the previous point. Students don’t need any language-based scaffold once he/she complete the transition phase. After the transition phase, a student is capable of learning from English only medium of instructions. You have to understand they are not only your audience anymore. They can, and they will learn from the material that matches with their learning behavior.

No sharing, no audience

It may not be a big thing for you, but it is if you are making free educational videos. Educational video spreads by sharing on social media. If your target audience is already lower than those, who are making videos in English the chances of sharing your video reduces. During my research, I found that students feel it a matter of shame that they don’t understand English. Most of the students will learn from local language material but never accept it in public. That means you will not get publicity and your content will not reach to a large target audience.

Unsustainability

An entity that relies on social media sustains if it can influence a large number of audience. These entities get support from advertisers and sponsors. Any sponsor or advertiser will invest if he/she can see the profit.

Advertisers and sponsors don’t invest in it because of the following reason-

  • The target audience of any local-language educational content is smaller than the audience of English educational material.
  • Educational content is consumed by students, who are less likely to buy any expensive service/product.
  • Moreover, The audience who consume educational content in mother-tongue today will eventually start learning from educational content in English.

Conclusion

I will suggest you to stop making educational videos in local language for those students who have successfully passed the first year of a professional course. It is better for you as well as for the students. If you still want to make educational content in local language, select your target audience wisely. In my next article, I will talk about the audience for whom you can make educational content in local language.

How to Record Table Top Educational Videos

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Teachers found it more convenient to record table top videos than recording screencast using the digital pen. There are many benefits of tabletop videos; I listed them here. There can be many ways to record tabletop educational videos, but over the time we have developed our method. I am going to share it here with you so you can follow it.

TableTop videos are recorded by placing a camera on top of the table where a teacher is giving instructions to students. That is why this type of videos are called Table Top videos. Below is the example of a tabletop video and you can create the same kind of videos after completing this article.

What do you need to create a Table Top video like this?

  1. Camera
  2. Audio Recorder
  3. Paper and Pen
  4. Tripod

Let’s discuss each component one by one.

Camera

At present we are using Sony DSC W380 CyberShot camera. Although you can use any camera that can record in Full HD and support 16:9 ratio.

Audio Recorder

Audio is an essential part of an educational video, and we try to maintain it’s quality. So, we use Zoom H1 audio recorder.

Paper and pen

Paper was the most significant problem for us as we want to record videos in 16:9 ratio but no paper is available in 16:9 ratio. So, we went to the paper mart and bought A0 size paper sheets and cut that into 16:9 ratio. See the difference between A4 size paper and the paper we use for recording.

paper dimension for educational videos
Difference between A4 size paper and 16:9 ratio paper

Tripod

Next comes a tripod that allows us to easily record the paper while teacher writes on it. Existing tripods were not allowing us to record at 90 degrees. We created our design of tripod for the purpose. Photo of the tripod is given below:

Top view of our tripod
Tripod that we use to record table top videos

You can ask any carpenter to make this tripod for you.

That’s all you need to record table top educational videos. Let me know if you have some question. I will be happy to answer your queries.

How to Make an Explainer Animation Video – My Experience

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How to make Explainer Animation Video
How to make Explainer Animation Video

Recently, I received a question from Mr. Alok Dwivedi about an explainer animation video I created last year for students. The video title is “How to make notes in class,” and I am attaching the video here for you.

The question of Mr. Alok Dwivedi is –

Please tell me that, How did you make the animated video which title was “how to make notes in class” ?

Here is my answer to the first question.

1. Write a detailed script

I do not suggest to write a detailed script for TableTop, Talking Head, and ScreenCast educational videos but Animation videos are different. Animation creation is a time taking process, and you can save a lot of time with a detailed script. I suggest writing everything, even the laugh if it is part of your video.
Here is the script I wrote for this explainer animation video. I hope it will help you to write a better script.

2. Record voice over

After you finish writing your script, create a rough audio recording of it. Don’t forget to take necessary pause.
Listen to the recording carefully to identify the gaps in your script. Make necessary changes to the script. This small exercise will help you to finalize your script.
Once, the final script is ready. Record the final voice-over for your animation. Don’t forget to follow these tips before you record voice-over for explainer animation video.

3. Improve the quality of voice-over

Once you record the final audio for your explainer animation video, don’t forget to improve its quality. I use a free and open-source software Audacity to achieve better quality audio. This video will help you to do that.

4. Choose the right tool for animation

There are many web services and tools out there which will help you to make an explainer animation video. I used GoAnimate for this video because I found it better than other software. I suggest you explore all the tools before investing money in any tool.

5. Create a storyboard

Storyboarding is done on paper using pencil, but when you are using an easy animation creation software like GoAnimate, you are not free to create everything you have in mind. These types of software come with many limitations.
So, use the selected software for storyboarding too. Choose backdrop, props, and characters for each scene.

6. Chunk the audio

Once these scenes are selected, you might need to cut the audio according to the scenes or dialogues. GoAnimate allows uploading different voice-over or dialogue for each scene.

Audio clips snapshot for explainer animation video
Audio clips snapshot for explainer animation video

7. Create animation

Use the software to create final animation, give the moment to the characters and props you selected while creating storyboards. Upload voice-over or dialogues which is suitable for your script.
It is the most time-taking step in the whole explainer animation creation process. Don’t get frustrated, take your time. Take a break if you feel tired or bored.

8. Export animation

Exporting animation render the video in the shareable format. Once you get the video, you can directly jump to the last step, or you can follow the next optional step.

9. Post-Production (Optional)

Import the video into a video editor, make necessary changes, put branding elements and reproduce the video in the shareable format.

10. Share the video with your audience

Share your video with the audience via YouTube, Facebook, WhatsApp or some other media.

He asked one more question about the same video The question is-

“I want to make similar videos on Operating System `How to do that?

My answer to this question is don’t make the entire video in animation because animation creation is not only time taking but also costly. For a subject like Operating System, I strongly recommend following an easy educational video creation strategy like screencast or TableTop.

Things that Inversely Affects a teacher’s earning from YouTube

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earning from YouTube
earning from YouTube

Some teachers want to make a living from YouTube. YouTube is an excellent place to earn name and money at the same time. Many teachers create videos to generate passive income from YouTube with a job, but some teachers want to pursue this as a career option and want to do this full time. These teachers can’t afford to lose money because of some reasons. Various factors affect the earning of a teacher on YouTube. I am listing these factors in this post so that you can take care of them.

1. Choice of Topic

Suppose Mr. A and Mrs. B are good teachers and both are making educational videos for YouTube. Mr. A is making videos on “Microbiology, ” and Mrs. B is making videos on “English-speaking.”

What do you think, who will get more views? Obviously, Mrs. B will get more views than Mr. A because the audience for “microbiology” is very low compared to the audience of “English-speaking.” Below is the graph that shows the comparison of both of these terms on Google trends.

Google Trends of two topics

As you can see on 19 Sep 2015, English-speaking video had 74% more chances than microbiology video. It means you need to select a topic that has a good number of viewers if you want to make more money from YouTube.

2. Target Audience

Suppose Mr. A makes videos in Hindi while Mrs. B makes videos in English. Both makes the videos on the same topic. Both received 1 Lac video views on their videos. Mr. A got views from India while Mrs. B got video views from USA and Australia.

Cost per click (CPC) and CPM (Cost per mille) are the two parameters that play an important role in generating revenue from videos.

Cost per Click

India has an average CPC 77 percent less than the US average (Source). It means with the same number of ad clicks, Mrs. B will make 100 Rs. but Mr. A will make only 23 Rs.

Cost per mille

Also known as cost per thousand impressions. When your video successfully displayed 1000 ads, you will earn the amount equivalent to CPM.

CPM in India is $1.99. This means for 1,00,000 ad impressions from India you will earn $1.99 * 100 = $199 = 12935 Rs. CPM in USA is $8.10. This means for 1,00,000 ad impressions from USA you will earn $8.10 * 100 = $810 = 52650 Rs.

So, if your target audience lives in India, get ready to earn low amount. These statistics also suggest that if you want to make a living from YouTube, create educational videos for a country where CPC and CPM are high.

3. Ad blocker

Adblocker is a software that blocks the display of ads if a students install it on the system. According to the 2017 adblock report by pagefair11% of the global internet population is blocking ads on the web. Adblock usage grew 30% globally in 2016, and this number will increase in 2017. One more fact about the use of adblocker is that adblocker users are more educated.

Students who are using adblocker will be able to watch your videos without advertisements. Hence, you will not earn any money from their views.

4. Piracy

Piracy is an another issue that inversely affects the earnings from YouTube. Many users download the videos and watch them offline. As they watch the videos offline, you don’t make any money from those views. Some people do even worse, they do not only download the videos but also share those videos with their friends.

5. Someone else uploads your video

Creating a YouTube channel is very easy, Creating content is not. Many people create a YouTube channel and upload others videos on it. As you can see in the image given below, a person (thief) Rizwan Ali uploaded my video on his channel.

Someone pirated my video
Someone pirated my video

As a teacher, you will focus on creating your content rather than looking for thieves. When that video come to your notice, it might have already gained many views. See the image; this video gained 90,019 views. These video views could have been my videos views and would have generated money for me. Although, you can file a copyright complaint about these videos. The procedure of filing a copyright complaint is given in the video below.

YouTube will remove those videos, but you will not get the money that you have already lost because of that video.

Conclusion

A teacher like me can’t leave to make videos for my fellow Indians even though I know that the earning would be very low. If you want to make living from YouTube then you must consider these factors and plan accordingly. Let me know in the comment, if you know about some other factors that has negative impact on the earning from YouTube.

Open-Sankore – A Free Software for Smart Board or Interactive Board

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Open Sankore cover whole computer screen
Open Sankore

Smartboard, also known as interactive board, is being used in institutions. Interactive board allows a teacher to use hands for interaction (click, scroll, zoom, etc.) which remove the dependency on input tools like a mouse or digital pen tablet. This feature of smart board allows a teacher to use an interactive board as a traditional board but with the smart features.

Smartboard uses touch detection for user input that means a teacher can click on a button with the help of finger. So we can say that software limits the capability of a smart board. If a software doesnot has a feature to drag objects than you can’t do that on a smart board. It also means that a software can increase the capabilities of a smart board.

All we need is a software that provides a pen to write on smart board with the finger, highlighter to highlight a portion of smart board, a ruler that can be used freely, Google maps to teach geography, animation to make learning enjoyable.

In this article, I will introduce a free software for interactive board specially designed for teachers. Hope you will find this article useful.

Open-Sankore

Open-sankore is a free and open-source software designed for teachers to use with interactive board. It has almost everything required to teach in a classroom. It runs in a full screen mode and hides everything on your computer screen this allows you to use more area for teaching. Below is the screenshot of open-sankore running on Windows operating system. You can see that it does not have a title bar and also hides the task bar of operating system.

Important links

Open Sankore cover whole computer screen
Open Sankore covers whole computer screen

Features of open-sankore

I am listing most of the features of open-sankore so that you can decide whether it is suitable for you or not.

1. Designed specially for teachers

There are software, designed specially for smart board but this one is special because it is designed with the help of teachers for teachers. It do not only allow to write, draw and delete from smart board but it also gives you traditional teaching tools and ICT tools like Google maps that can be used in a classroom.

2. An ergonomic interface

Designed for the efficiency. It has a lot of tools with many options, but you will not find it difficult to find a tool or reach to a tool. It makes it number one choice for teachers as you don’t want to spend all your time in searching tools or struggling with how to use a tool. Instead, you will spend your time only in teaching and make study interesting for students.

3. A comprehensive set of tools

The tools, provided in open-sankore, can be divided into two sets traditional tools and ICT tools. Let’s have a look at them.

Traditional teaching tools

Traditional teaching tools are the tools that you use in a classroom without a computer. For example, pen, pencil, rubber, ruler, compass, calculator and many others. Some of these traditional tools are shown in the image given below.

Traditional Teaching tools in open sankore
Traditional Teaching tools in open sankore

ICT Tools

You are aware of the fact that teaching is not only provided by these traditional tools, but we also use information and communications technology (ICT) tools in teaching. A geography teacher might use Google maps, a math teacher can use mathematical function drawing program. Almost all teachers use internet, audios, videos, images and animations. These all tools are integrated into open-sankore.

If you want to visit a website you can use integrated web browser; similarly, you can embed YouTube and Vimeo videos in open-sankore. You can upload your audios, videos, images and flash animation files in open-sankore.

4. Support for Google map and Wikipedia

OpenStreet in Open-Sankore
OpenStreet in Open-Sankore

below is the snapshot of Wikipedia used inside open-sankore.

Wikipedia in open-sankore

5. Create ScreenCast

If you create educational videos or want to record everything you teach in class. You do not need to use another application to record screen. Open-Sankore has an inbuilt podcast recording feature. With this option, you can record all your activities on open-sankore with audio and save it as a video on computer or publish it directly on YouTube.

Podcast feature in open-sankore

6. Annotate desktop

Open-sankore also allows you to use all its tools on the desktop. This feature is useful if you want to draw on desktop or any other application on your computer. I used it to annotate code::blocks compiler while teaching programming in a workshop.

Desktop annotation is possible
Desktop annotation is possible

7. Import ppt and pdf

Sometimes you create learning material in PowerPoint slides or pdf. You can import these files in open-sankore and use all features of open-sankore on these files to teach effectively. Each page of ppt or pdf loads in a separate page of the open-sankore document. You can also import images, iweb files, folder of images in open-sankore.

open sankore import files options
open sankore import files options

8. Document Sharing

Once you finish teaching, you can share the open-sankore file in shareable formats. Open-sankore allows you to export the document in pdf format. You can also share open-sankore files directly to sankore web. The podcast saves as shareable video format which can be uploaded to various video sharing sites or your server.

open sankore export format

9. Automatic document backup

When you start working on open-sankore software, it automatically saves your document with DD-MM-YYYY HH:MM:SS name. Your document remains available on open-sankore even if you do not save it. All documents, you worked on, can be found under Documents menu, available at the top-right corner of the software.

10. Everything in one software

Open-sankore team integrated everything in one software. Web, audio, video, animation and teaching tools all are available in one software. It means you do not need to switch to another application while teaching with open-sankore. If you have ppt or pdf you can import it in open-sankore and if you want all sets of features to remain available in desktop then you can switch to desktop mode. You can also record ScreenCasts from open-sankore.

It automatically saves all your documents. Open sankore is available in multiple languages for Linux, MAC, and Windows. The latest version as on 30 March 2017 is 2.5.1 which can be downloaded from here. Download and install it on your machine and let me know how do you find it.

Important note: Although Open-Sankore is for interactive board but you can use it with touch screen laptops or digital pen tablets as well.

This article is written in response to the question asked by Mr. Alok Dwivedi. His question is give below:

How to use presentation software for smart board? – Alok Dwivedi

I hope this article will be helpful to you. Let me know about your views in comments.

ET-Mantra eLearning Solutions

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etmantra first blog

What is ET-Mantra

ET is an abbreviation of Educational Technology and Mantra is a word from the Sanskrit language that means “instrument of thought.” In ET-Mantra, I am going to give you mantras that will help you to use educational technology to create effective educational content and contribute to building a better society.